Moacyr Costa Filho

Body movements performed with the aid of elastic materials in singing (workshop)

The perception of body movement in singing is complex and it is not easily identified by the senses of the neophyte student or even of the veterans, since there is a subtle interplay between the respiratory, phonatory and articulatory system. Singing students often do not feel what they are doing and it is necessary to be aware of the involuntary actions of different parts of the body that may be blocked by excessive tension or due to the use of physical movements that compromise phonatory fluency.

Therefore, the emphasis on the perception of movements through muscular and vibratory sensations at the threshold of the individual's consciousness may help him in the perception of the whole, especially of the mechanisms that regulate the functioning of the body in singing. From this perspective, we propose vocal tasks synchronized with body movements during singing. In fact, these movements are carried out through the use of images that suggest, for example, "pulling an elastic band" or "riding on a horse", with only the movement being carried out, or with the actual use of elastic materials (Swiss ball and elastic band) when individuals are encouraged to experience such actions kinesthetically.

Thus, it is found that excessive stresses in different parts of the body decrease or disappear, and the voice sounds as if it were being produced independently of any voluntary control, providing the sensations of safety, physical release and self-regulation. In addition, the voices sound more fluently and acquire brightness and flexibility, just as there is an increase in the intensity and vocal range, a decrease in instability in the passage zones, and musicality.


  • Provide kinesthetic experience by using elastic materials;
  • Offer play activities as a strategy of release in singing;
  • Encourage the discovery of primal sound (or individual sound);
  • Stimulate the interaction between breathing, phonation and articulation;
  • Encourage the perception of muscular and vibratory sensations in singing.

Moacyr Costa Filho, tenor, he was born in Salvador, BA, Brazil, it acts as a recitalist and concert singer, and teaches in the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil. Bachelor in Music Education, Bachelor in Music Performance (Singing), Master of Music (Music Education), in the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil, and Ph.D. in Music (Vocal Pedagogy) in the Universtiy of Aveiro, Portugal. He is a member of the National Association of Song Teachers (NATS-EUA), Brazilian Association of Music Education, and the National Academy of Music (ANM-Brazil). Currently, he is dedicated to the areas of vocal pedagogy and vocal performance, voice science, body movement, choral conducting and vocal coaching of choirs.